LXC Crash Course

Getting LXC up and running in Arch is a little more work then in Ubuntu. In Ubuntu you simply:

sudo apt install lxc

Thats it, your up and running. I would how ever both in Ubuntu and Arch configure a bridge so you can interact with the containers from other devices on your LAN. You can do that by following my guide here:

Network Bridge crash course

In fact, this guide uses that bridge, and LXC in arch does not come with a bridge)

Installing LXC in Arch (Antergos)

Open a terminal:

sudo pacman -S lxc arch-install-scripts

After you install LXC you need to enable the lxc.service if you want your LXC’s to be able to start at boot.

sudo systemctl enable lxc

If you want to run other systems (like ubuntu) you need to install their package manager. In this guide i will use Ubuntu so you will need:

sudo pacman -S debootstrap

For more information check out the arch wiki: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Linux_Containers

We also have to make som configurations to the default config LXC puts with our containers:

sudo nano /etc/lxc/default.conf

LXC will use this file as the default template for all the LXC’s you make. We should ad some useful configurations you could make use of at a later point if you need them.

Just replace the content with:

lxc.network.type = veth
lxc.network.link = br0 #This bridge is created in another blogpost!
lxc.network.flags = up

#start container at boot
#lxc.start.auto = 1
#restrict memmory
#lxc.cgroup.memory.limit_in_bytes = 53687091
#restrict CPU's
#lxc.cgroup.cpuset.cpus = 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7

#add mounts (privileged (root) containers only) 

#lxc.mount.entry = /home/username/source /var/lib/lxc/containername/rootfs/home/username/destination none bind 0 0

If you want all containers you create to start at boot, have restrictions on hardware, you can uncomment the options here. If not you can change each containers config after you create them by:

sudo nano /var/lib/lxc/containername/config

Make your first container

It’s very easy to make containers!

sudo lxc-create -n ubuntu -t /usr/share/lxc/templates/lxc-ubuntu

/usr/share/lxc/templates/ has a list of templates you can use. For other systems simply list the dir to see available choices.

Lets look at the status of our new container:

sudo lxc-ls -f

(The -f adds a fancy list)

ubuntu      STOPPED 0         -      -    -

We can se our container is currently stopped, lets start it!

sudo lxc-start -n ubuntu

Now lets check status again!

sudo lxc-ls -f

We can see its startet

ubuntu RUNNING 0         -   -

To connect to our new container we use:

sudo lxc-console -n ubuntu

The default username is ubuntu and the default password is ubutnu
To exit the console: Ctrl – a , Then q

Congratulations! You have your first container to play with!

To stop container

sudo lxc-stop -n ubuntu

To destroy it:

sudo lxc-destroy -n ubuntu

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